(Français) Le musée et la ville, mutations architecturales de l’institution muséale

Paul RASSE - Vincent LAMBERT

Professeur, Université Côte d’Azur Laboratoires SIC.lab (EA n° 3820), paul.rasse[at]unice.fr
Docteur en Sciences de l’Information et la Communication
Université Côte d’Azur, Laboratoire SIC.lab. Méditerranée (EA 3820)

KEYWORDS : museum, museology, architecture, urbanism

ABSTRACT : The original museums had a panoptic organization, which was indispensable for the composition of natural history and for aesthetics. This function started to recede at the end of the last century. The museums then reinvented themselves, by turning into an entirely different form of media. This change occurred through a radical transformation of museum architecture. Beyond the grandiose architectural exploits, the museum now radiates across the city, reorganizing it and changing its image. The conceptual design of the buildings has been profoundly modified in order to devote them to hosting the general public and media exhibits, and relegating inventories (the initial function of the conservation of collections) to annexes, buried or delocalized to suburbs. The museum, reinvented into a space for communication, has incontestably become—by the magnificence and the architectural splendor of its buildings, the mobilization of financial means for its sustenance, the gathering of the public attending—the temple and the legitimation of contemporary art, linked to the great chain of heritage culture, going back to the origins of humanity.

To read the abstract of the article in French, click on the link below :
(Français) Le musée et la ville, mutations architecturales de l’institution muséale
Previous article

« (Français) Modèle diglossique de l’évolution des villes algériennes : Constat et éléments de réponse »
Tous les articles du numéro